Sinusitis is a common condition that feels much like a head cold, with a blocked, stuffy, or runny nose that often gets better with medication except in rare cases. This is caused by the inflammation and swelling of the inner lining of the sinuses (air spaces around the nose). This swelling leads to the blockage of the sinuses obstructing the mucous from draining out, thus creating pain in the face with the pressure of the blocked fluid.
There are two types of sinusitis:
In cases where the symptoms do not clear and does not respond to treatment for over a month and when the symptoms are severe, Traditional or Endoscopic Sinus Surgery may become the last option of treatment for permanent sinus relief.
Endoscopic sinus surgery is becoming the procedure of choice for most doctors as against traditional types of surgeries to correct blockages in the nose and sinuses. It can correct chronic or severe blockages in one or more of the maxillary, ethmoid, frontal, or sphenoid sinuses.
Compared to other more traditional methods, endoscopic sinus surgery :
The endoscope, which utilizes fiberoptic technology, allows doctors to see inside the sinuses without cutting the face. About 80% to 90% of people report a considerable reduction in symptoms after endoscopic sinus surgery.
Therefore, the objective of endoscopic sinus surgery is to do as little as necessary to restore the normal function of the sinuses.
Endoscopic sinus surgery is an effective procedure for correcting sinusitis, deviated septum, polyps, and also tumors sometimes.
An endoscope is much like a telescope, which is a thin instrument with a wide-angle camera lens and light. It is inserted into the nostrils to examine the sinuses by looking through an eyepiece at the opposite end of the endoscope. Surgical instruments are then used next to the endoscope to correct the cause of sinus whether to remove blockages or polyp growths.
To determine if surgery is recommended for removing the sinus blockages causing sinusitis, the doctor will take a detailed medical history and note the symptoms and its duration. A CT scan may be advised to obtain an overview of the sinuses prior to the use of the endoscope.
The surgery will be performed only if the patient is not responding to all other treatment courses or if the symptoms are severe. Endoscopic sinus surgery is an outpatient procedure that lasts between 60-90 minutes. It is done to remove sinus blockages that cause sinusitis.
A packing is placed in the nose after surgery. It is advised to breathe through the mouth during the healing process. The packing usually has to be worn for only a few days until it is advised when it can be removed. It may have a bad odor, however, or cause bad breath.
Post the surgery the patient spends an hour or two in the recovery room. After which, when the patient's condition stabilizes, the patient can go home the same day with escort of a family or friend.
Full recovery from endoscopic sinus surgery generally takes a month or two. It is recommended that the person rests at home for about a week after the surgery. The doctor will set an appointment to check the progress of healing in a week's time.
Keep the nose as free from dry crusting as possible. A saline spray may be used six to eight times per day to keep the nose moist.
Sinus surgery is a very common procedure that often changes a patient's life with respect to his or her ability to breathe. While preparing you for the sinus surgery, your doctor will provide you an approximate cost estimate. Normally, these costs fall into three categories: (1) surgeon's fees (2) anesthesia fee ( in this case most general anesthesia) and (3) hospital or ambulatory surgery center fee.
The experience, expertise and the technologies used, also determine the cost of the treatment. Our ENT specialist surgeons are equipped with advanced technologies, are qualified and have vast experience to perform sinus surgeries since 1982. The sinus treatment costs vary depending upon the location and the philosophy of where you have your procedure performed. However, facility fees are typically less expensive for operations taking place in a private facility with limited infrastructure, versus those performed in a hospital. Generally, most insurance policies cover the costs of sinus surgery. BSR hospital also supports insurance policies and processes.