An allergy is a disorder caused by an abnormal reaction to a harmless, foreign substance called an allergen. Allergy causes extreme sensitivity, when the body's immune system tends to overreact to defend itself.
For people with allergies, their immune systems react to relatively harmless substances, such as pollen, animal dander or dust mites.
You can experience allergic reactions to food, pet dander, airborne pollen, including the bee venom or other stinging insects, molds, foods and some medicines. Weather sometimes worsens these allergies.
Symptoms of allergy may include:
Allergies are treated with anti-histamines, medication, and immunotherapy to neutralize the allergic response.
Immunotherapy is defined as the preventive treatment for allergic reactions against substances such as grass pollens, dust mites and bee venom.
Immunotherapy involves injecting small amounts of "allergens" or substances to which the person is allergic to, which is referred to as, allergy shots. Allergy shots comprises of small amount of the specific substance or substances that trigger your allergic reactions. These shots stimulate the immune system to fight against allergies.
Allergy shots are given in gradually increasing doses which cause the immune system to produce blocking antibodies in our body, that reduces sensitivity to that particular allergen or the substance. These antibodies reduce the symptoms of allergy when the substance is encountered in the future. The therapy is continued till the immune system can maintain it.
Allergy shots are preferred when you have allergic symptoms persisting for few months to a year, without any relief from medicines. Initially, the doctor prescribes the injections for once or twice a week for several months, until you get the maintenance dose. After the maintenance dose is reached, shots are given on a less frequent basis.
Before the start of allergy shots, the physician and the patient identifies the triggering factors for allergy symptoms. Also, few blood tests are performed for confirming a few allergens.
This is a type of immunotherapy which uses an alternative way to treat allergies without injections. Small doses of allergen are given under the tongue to boost tolerance to the substance and reduce the symptoms associated with the allergen.
Generally, complications are not associated with any serious problems. But, as the shots contain substances to which the individual is allergic, a few reactions may be observed, such as:
Avoid exercise after the injection for at least few hours to lessen the reaction. Although, allergy shots do not cause immediate immunity, patients begin to feel better rapidly. In several patients, treatment can be withdrawn after 3 or 5 years and the immunity is maintained for several other years. In few other patients, treatment may be needed for longer durations.
Allergy shots can be used to control seasonal allergies, indoor allergies and insect stings. Allergy shots are not recommended for the food allergies, currently.
BSR ENT Hospital is one of the renowned ENT Specialist Hospitals in Secunderabad with a high success rate of surgeries and clinical outcomes, since the past 40 years.
Trained and experienced ENT specialists are skilled at delivering the best in treatment solutions for all ENT disorders, including allergies. BSR applies a comprehensive approach to treatment of allergies integrating immunotherapy with medical management.
The team includes trained and experienced ENT specialists, advanced practice providers to effectively diagnose and manage allergies.
In our continuous effort to strive for excellence, we offer best treatment solutions at affordable price not compromising on patient care. Our doctors spend time with the patient to provide complete information on the condition and the proposed treatment plan before the treatment.